This year the foray was held on a cold damp day in May rather than April. This year has been cooler and consistently wetter then then the last couple of years. This has meant that fungi have been fruiting sporadically over a much longer period of time. Here is what we say today.
Southern Beech Grove
This is the first Cortinarius / Thaxterogater found at Otari-Wilton’s bush.Plant Collection below the Cockayne Lookout
The fungi in the plant collection garden are all growing in the thick wood mulch used in this area,Kauri Lawn and Fernery This Psathyrella has faintly reddish tinge to the gill margin and the cap is hygrophanous. Possibly around Psathyrella corrugis. Circular Walk Below the Bowling Club
Mt Bruce is a legendary in New Zealand biology as it was the place that the takahe, thought extinct but rediscovered in 1948, was brought back from the brink of extinction. It also legendary as being one of the last remnants of the Seventy Mile Bush. The Seventy Mile Bush was a name I occasionally came across but didn’t fully appreciate what it was until I started reading about William Colenso and his mycological collecting there:
IN the autumn of this year I again sent a lot of Fungi to Kew, London (with other plants, both Phænogams and Cryptogams), which I had discovered at various times during the last four years in my visits to the dense forests and deep glens of the Seventy-mile Bush district, County of Waipawa [Colenso, 1890]
A forest lost
The Seventy Mile Bush was a huge area of dense forest stretching from Masterton to central Hawkes Bay and across the east coast. Most of it was cleared for farming. In the 1870s the New Zealand Government bought the 942 ha Mt Bruce block as a forest reserve [administered by the Forest Service], with 55 ha being designated a native bird reserve under the control of the Wildlife Service. The government restructures of the late 1980s saw many of the government agencies responsible for conservation rolled into a single Department of Conservation which became responsible for the reserves.In 2001 the entire Mt Bruce block, of 942, was reunited into a single reserve. And then in 2013 its running passed to a community based charitable trust – The Pukaha Mount Bruce Board is a charitable trust.
In late February of this year Pukaha Mount Bruce held a bioblitz. I was going to go and help along with some other mycologist, Barbara Paulus and Di Batchelor. But because of the drought we decided it would better to wait until the autumn. Barbara and I finally got to there 5 June and here is what we found that day [note that I still have some work to do on the identifications].
Mycena sp. in tawa forest – on fallen log. Note: Maybe close to Marie Taylor’s Mycena dorotheae.
Mycena pura (?) in tawa forest growing in leaf litter.
Hypholoma acutum in tawa forest on fallen log. Note: Rubbish photo, sorry.
Hypholoma brunneum in tawa forest – on fallen log. Note: on same log as Hypholoma acutum.
Mycena roseoflava in tawa forest – on stump.
Nidula candida in tawa forest – on fallen wood.
Gyronemma sp. in tawa forest – on rotten tree fern rachis.
Armillaria novae-zealandiae in tawa forest – on fallen logs.
Favolaschia calocera in tawa forest – on fallen brances. Note: The orange colour has washed out in the photo.
Crinipellis procera in tawa forest – on leaf and twig litter.
Hygrophorus sp. in tawa forest amoungst litter.
Psathyrella sp. in tawa forest – on leaf litter.
Mycena mariae or parsonsii (?) in tawa forest – on stump.
Not sure what this is yet. In tawa forest in litter.
Xylaria sp. in tawa forest on a fallen log.
Hygrophorus sp. in tawa forest in litter.
Coral fungus in tawa forest amoungst litter. Note: I need to do some work on this yet.
Cyathus novaezelandiae in tawa forest on fallen wood.
Coprinellus disseminatus in tawa forest – on stump.
Morganella compacta in tawa forest – on fallen log.
Leratiomyces erythrocephalus [= Weraroa erythrocephala] in tawa forest – in leaf litter.
Conchomyces bursaeformis in tawa forest – on standing dead trunk.
Psilocybe weraroa [= Weraroa virescens] in tawa forest – in leaf litter.
Cortinarius sp. in red beech forest.
Lepiota sp. in red beech forest – in leaf litter.
Hebeloma mediorufum (?) in red beech forest.
Cortinarius rotundisporus in red beech forest.
Russula sp. in red beech forest.
Galerina patagonica in tawa forest – on fallen log.
Chalciporus piperatus in Douglas fir stand. Note: Amanita muscaria also present but very rotten.
Colenso, W. 1890. An enumeration of fungi recently discovered in New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 23: 391-398.
Torrential rain over the last week or so has finally ended the dry spell on the Wellington peninsular. A walk around the upper part of Otari-Wilton’s Bush found a few old friends and some new finds.
Ruby helmet [Mycena viscidocruenta] – There were a few of these small red Mycena was growing on wood chips just below the Cockayne Lookout. Not a great photo.
Scarlet roundhead [Leratiomyces ceres = Stropharia aurantiaca] – There were a couple of good specimens and some very over mature ones as well on wood chips below the Cockayne Lookout. Read more about this species here.
The common scabbarb [Volvariella gloiocephalus]. This was also growing in the wood chip mulch in the gardens below the Cockayne Lookout.
The potted logger [Galerina nana] – This was growing around a recently transplanted Chatham Island forget-me-not or kopakopa [Myosotidium hortensia]. It was growing from the edge of the potting mix surrounding the plant. I have only collected this species once before and that was growing on soil in a potted plant in Rotorua. This is a new species for Otari-Wilton’s Bush.
Brown birdsnest [Crucibulum laeve] – Growing on wood chips in the Brockie Rock Garden.
A Panaeolina possibly Panaeolina foeniseci ? – This was growing through a divaricating Coprosma with a small low growing herb in the Brockie Rock Garden. It had a hygrophanous cap and mottled gills and was up to 4-4.5cm in diameter.
Common dreamer [Psilocybe subaeruginosa] – commonly found growing on wood chips in urban areas, pine tree plantations and woody debris in forests and gardens.
Sulphur pinkgill [Entoloma sulphureum] – This was growing in the wood chips under the kauri and rimu by the information centre. There was only one fruitbody and it was past its best.
Orange poreconch [Favolaschia calocera] – Growing on log used to edge garden in the Fernery below the Kauri Lawn. Read more about this species here.
Brown-umbrella inkcap [Parasola leiocephala] – This was growing on wood chips in the Fernery below the Kauri Lawn and in the Brockie Rock Garden. The crinkly appearance is a result of drying out due to a strong northerly wind.
Sociable inkcap [Coprinellus disseminatus] – Growing on log used to edge garden in the Fernery below the Kauri Lawn.
Wood-ear jelly [Auricularia cornea] – Growing on log used to edge garden in the Fernery below the Kauri Lawn. Read more about this species here.
A little gilled conch with dark brown spores [Melanotus sp.]. Growing on a fallen branch in the Fernery. It looks similar to the one seen at Zealandia a few weeks ago
Native shitake [Lentinellus novae-zelandiae] – This species fruits routinely on a number of logs in the bush between the Fernery and the car park.
A helmet [Mycena sp.] – This little Mycena was growing on very rotten wood on the Waterfall track.
Wellington has been very dry in the weeks leading up to the Foray and despite the heavy down pour last night there is not a lot around.
Leratiomyces ceres = Stropharia aurantiaca [scarlet roundhead]. A perennial find at Otari. Read more about Leratiomyces ceres.Agaricus sp. [a mushroom] – Growing next to boardwalk, at the north end of the Visitor’s Centre, at the base of a rimu. We first recorded this at Otari during the 2013 Foray. Nidula candida [white birdsnest]. A common find on woodchip mulch around the gardens. Galerina sp [a helmet]. A small brown spored mushroom growing on the woodchip mulched path in the fernery. Note the distinctive ring on the stem. Postia sp. [a woody bracket]. See comments on Postia in last weeks blog. Auricularia cornea [wood ear jelly]. A common wood decay fungus. Read more about the wood ear jelly. Favolaschia calocera [orange poreconch]. A common wood decay fungus at this time of the year. Hypholoma fasciculare [a woodtuft]. Another wood decay fungus which is also often found on woodchip. Here it was on a log edging the path in the fernery. Agrocybe parasitica [tree swordbelt]. A common heart rot fungus of living tawa. This particular tree produces two or three flushes of mushrooms each year. To see Agrocybe parasitica as unopen caps look at last weeks blog. Also seen in the fernery were:
- Volvariella gloiocephala (= V. speciosa) [common scabbard] – Read more about Volvariella gloiocephala.
- Trametes versicolor [Turkey-tail porebracket] – Read more about Trametes versicolor.
- Parasola leiocephala [Brown-umbrella inkcap] – Have a look at of the genera cut out of Coprinus i.e. Parosola, Coprinopsis, and Coprinellus.
In preparation for the Fungal Foray at Otari Wilton’s Bush next weekend Rachel and I went and had a look to see what was fruiting. It has been a dry summer and autumn in Wellington so I wasn’t expecting to see much, so was surprised at what we did find.
Scarlet roundhead [Leratiomyces ceres = Stropharia aurantiaca]. A wood decay fungus growing on mulch in the gardens below the Cockayne lawn.The common scabbarb [Volvariella gloiocephalus]. This was also growing in the wood chip mulch in the gardens below the Cockayne lawn.
These two mushrooms were growing in the leaf litter in the Fernery under puriri [Vitex lucens] and wheki-ponga [Dicksonia fibrosa]. I’ll get back to you on this.Tree swordbelt [Agrocybe parasitica]. This cluster of your mushrooms was in a cleft at the base of a tawa [Beilschmiedia tawa]. This particular tawa, in the Fernery, produces a crop of mushrooms every year. Tree swordbelt [Agrocybe parasitica]. A mature cluster on a tawa but but the dry northerly wind has desiccated them. This tawa was on the Circular walk just below the Wilton Bowling Club. Garlic shanklet [Mycetinis curraniae]. We normally find this small mushroom growing on the bark of a living totara [Podocarpus totara] just by the information centre. However these were growing on kanaka [Kunzea ericoides] on on the Circular walk just below the Wilton Bowling Club. The last fungus is the icicle tooth [Hericium coralloides]. The phot was sent to me yesterday by Rewi Elliot who is the manager at Otari – Wilton’s Bush. It is a wood decay fungus and was collected by a visitor to the reserve. Rewi did not know what tree species it had been growing on.
Seventy(!) or so people met for the annual fungal foray walk through Otari-Wilton’s Bush today, Sunday 26 April 2015. And it was a typical Wellington day – windy and overcast.
Garlic shanklet [Mycetinis curraniae]
Grey-gilled chalkcap [Russula inquinata]A small grey Mycena sp. on old punga
Ruby helmet [Mycena viscidocruenta] note the cluster of three tiny white Mycena sp.
Ruby helmet [Mycena viscidocruenta]
Brown birdsnest [Crucibulum leave]
Haresfoot inkcaps [Coprinopsis lagopus]
A mushroom [Agaricus sp.]
Brown-umbrella inkcap [Parasola leiocephala]
Scarlet roundhead [Leratiomyces ceres = Stropharia aurantiaca]
Possibly a roundhead Psathyrella microrhiza
Possibly a roundhead Psathyrella microrhiza
Wood-ear jelly [Auricularia cornea] and, although not in the picture, there was a single mushroom of the porcelain slimecap [Oudemansiella australis].
Sociable inkcap [Coprinellus disseminatus]
A mushroom [Agaricus sp.]
Orange poreconch [Favolaschia calocera]
Bush shank [Heimiomyces neovelutipes]
Tree swordbelt [Agrocybe parasitica]. These specimens had seen better days but one eagle yeyed little bou spotted a nice fresh specimen.
Native shiitake [Lentinellus novae-zelandiae]
A parasol [Lepiota sp.] – small pure white parasol
Scarlet pouch [Weraroa erythrocephalus = Leratiomyces erythrocephalus]
Cloudy funnelcap [Clitocybe nebularis ]
Giant-bush parasol [Macrolepiota clelandii]
Wood-ear jelly [Auricularia cornea]
Wood-ear jelly [Auricularia cornea] youngCrepidotus fuscovelutinus, my best guess at the moment, growing alongside the wood-ear jelly
Had my first foray to Otari-Wilton’s Bush last Sunday, 19 April 2015. The drought has broken but the rain has been episodic and torrential so not the best to the best conditions for mushrooms.
This small mushroom, the garlic shanklet [Mycetinis curraniae] is a perennial find growing on the bark of a living totara [Podocarpus totara] just by the information centre.A single mushroom of a small white parasol [Lepiota sp.] growing at the base of a totara [Podocarpus totara]. Only a few centimetres from the white parasol was this buff coloured parasol [Lepiota sp.] with a scaly cap. I have recorded this one before but still have no name for it. [Note 27 June 2015: Cystolepiota, possibly C. hetieri] Near the Information Centre there is a stand of karaka [Corynocarpus laevigatus] which were ringbarked two or three years ago. These standing dead trees have produced large fruitings of wood-ear jelly [Auricularia cornea] There was a small group of grey-gilled chalkcap [Russula inquinata], a mycorrhizal species, growing under black beech [Nothofagus solandri]. Taste is a useful characteristic to separate Russula species tasting either acrid/hot/peppery or mild. The grey-gilled chalkcap is mild. [Note 27 June 2015: This might also be Russula griseobrunnea] All through the mulched gardens where harefoot inkcap [Coprinopsis lagopus] The orange poreconch [Favolaschia calocera] are only just begin to fruit and not as extensively as in previous years. Just off the track in the fernery I came across these small Melanotus sp. on dead branches. There is one particular log that regularly produces bush shank [Heimiomyces neovelutipes] however there was only one poor specimen on it this time. These big but old tree swordbelt [Agrocybe parasitica] were growing out of the base of a tawa [Beilschmiedia tawa]. The big log off the track near the fernery continues to produce its perennial crop of native shitake [Lentinellus novae-zelandiae]. Weeping widow [Lacramaria lacrymabunda]. Scarlet pouch [Weraroa erythrocephalus = Leratiomyces erythrocephalus]
The little white spored mushroom was growing on woodchips. At this stage I haven’t worked out what it is.This little helmet was growing in the litter in the bush near the fernery. For want of a better name to give it I am going to tentatively refer it to Mycena parabolica as described by Marie Taylor. I don’t normally record bracket fungi but this bright orange Pycnoporus coccineus caught my attention. The tea chalkcap [Russula novae-zelandiae] is mycorrhizal and was growing under kanaka [Kunzea ericoides]. This is the bush giant parasol [Macrolepiota clelandii] and the first time that I have seen it at Otari-Wilton’s Bush. It was growing in a small group under tawa and rewa rewa [Beilschmiedia tawa and Knightia excels] Cloudy funnelcap [Clitocybe nebularis ]